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常用前缀汇总

作者;louie    文章点击:148
英语单词记忆之一:常用前缀汇总

a-表示“在...,...的”asleep/aside/ahead/awake/aloud/alive/alone/aware

ab-/abs-相反,变坏,离去abnormal/abuse/absent/abduct

ab-/ac-/ad-/af-/ag-/an-/ap-/ar-/as-/at-加同样辅音表“一再”等加强义
abbreviate/accelerat/addict/affirm/aggression/announce/appreciate/arrest/assist/attract

ad-做,加强adapt/adopt/adjust/advent

anti-反对antiwar/antitank/antibody

auto-自动,自己auotmobile/automatic/autobiography/autograph

bi-两个bicycle/biped/biweekly

by-在旁边的,副的byproduct/bywork/bypass/byway

co-共同coeducation/coaction/coordinate

col-/cor-加上同样辅音表示“共同”collaboration/collect/corrupt

com-/con-共同combine/compete/conspire

de-去掉,离开,变坏deforest/depress/decode
   使成为,加强depict/design/

dia-穿过,两者之间dialogue/diagram

di-两个,双dioxide,dilemma
   使分开digest/divert

dif-不,分开differ/diffuse

dis-不,消失掉dislike/disorder分开,分离dispart/distract/discard

e-/ef-出,出来eject/evaluate

em-/en-进入...之中,包围embed/embrace/enroll
使进入...状态enact/enlarge/encourage/enrich

ex-出,出去,export/expel/exceed/exhale
   前任的ex-wife/ex-president

fore-前面,预先foresee/forehead/forefather

il-/ir-放在同辅音词根前表示“不,无”illegal/illogical/irregular/irrational
       使...成为,进入illustrate

im-/in-不,无,非impossible/impolite/inhuman/jnjustice
       向内,进入import/impel/indoor

inter-在...之间,相互international/interaction

mini-小minibus/miniskirt/

mis-错误,坏mistake/misfortune/mishap

out-超过,过度outdo/outlive/
     出去,过时outside/outbreak

over-过度,过分overstudy/overact/overwork
      在...之上overlap/overlook/overcoat
      翻转overturn/overthrow

pre-在...之前的preschool/prefix/prepay

pro-向前progress/propel/prospect
    很多profit/procreate
    亲...,赞同pro-American

re-向后,相反,不recall/retreat/repel
   一再,重新reappear/reclaim/rearrange

sub-在下面,次一等,副手subtitle/subeditor/suboffice
    接近,靠近subcentral/subacid

suc-/suf-/sup-/sur-放同辅音词根前表示“在...下面”succeed/suffix/support/surrender

sur-超过,在上面surface/surplus

super-超级,超过,过度supermarket/supersensitive/superman
在...上面supervise/superficial

sus-在...下面suspend/suspect/sustain

sym-/syn-共同,相同sympathy/symmetry/synonym

trans-横过,越过transmit/transparent
       变换,改变,转移transform/transplant/transfer/transport/transaction/transfuse

tri-三tricycle/triangle

un-不,无,非,没有unreal/unequal/unjust
打开,解开,弄出unlock/unbind/unbutton/undress

under-在...下underground/undersea/underwater
       不足,不够underestimate/undersized
       副手underagent/underofficer

uni-单个,一个uniform/unique/universe

with-向后,相反withdraw/withhold/withstand 

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