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2016年理工A职称英语补全短文文章及译文

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Computers are now powerful enough to allow the age of humanoid robots to dawn1. And it won’t be long before we will see realistic cyber companions, complete with skin, dexterity, and intelligence. They will be programmed to tend to your every need.
 
Will we ever want to marry robots? Artificial intelligence researcher David Levy has published a book claiming human-robot relationships will become popular in the next few decades. ____1 C And if you want to go ahead and tie the knot with your special electronic friend,Levy said that such marriages will be socially acceptable by around 2050.____
 
Will humans really be able to form deep emotional attachments to machines? It will, in fact, be relatively easy to form these strong attachments because the human mind loves to anthropomorphize: to give human attributes to other creatures—even objects.
 
For example, researchers in San Diego recently put a small humanoid robot in with a toddler playgroup for several months. _2_ F The bot knew each child because it was programmed with face and voice recognition,and it giggled when tickled.The children ended up treating it as a fellow toddler. When it lay down because its batteries were flat,the kids even covered it with a blanket.
 
In a few decades, when humanoid robots with plastic skin look and feel very real, will people want to form relationships with them? What if the bots could hold a conversation? And be programmed to be the perfect companions—soul mates, even? ____3 E Maybe your generation could resist, but eventually there will be a generation of people who grow up with humanoid robots as a normal part of life. And like those toddlers in the experiment, they will be very accepting of them.
 
The next question, then, is whether there is anything wrong with having an emotional relationship with a machine. Even today there are people who form deep attachments to their pets and use them as substitutes for friends or even children. Few consider that unethical.
 
_4__ B But a sophisticated robot will probably be even more attractive. For those who always seem to end up marrying the wrong man or woman, a robotic Mr. or Ms. Right could be mighty tempting. As the father of artificial intelligence, Marvin Minsky, put it when asked about the ethics of lonely older people forming close relationships with robots: “If a robot had all the virtues of a person and was smarter and more understanding, why would the elderly bother talking to other grumpy old people?”
 
A robot could be programmed to be as dumb or smart, as independent or subservient, as an owner desired. And that’s the big disadvantage. Having the perfect robot partner will damage the ability to form equally deep human-human relationships. People will always seem imperfect in comparison. When you’re behaving badly, a good friend will tell you.5 D However, few owners will program their robots to point out their flaws.
 
People in relationships have to learn to adapt to each other: to enjoy their common interests and to deal with their differences. It makes us richer, stronger, and wiser. A robot companion will be perfect at the start. However, there will be nothing to move the relationship to grow to greater heights.

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译文:

参考译文:计算机技术已经足够成熟,能支持人形机器人的诞生和普及,进人人形机器人的时代。那些有着人类的皮肤、敏捷性、智力的机器人已经离我们不远了。它们将被设计成能满足我们所有的需求。
 
我们会不会想和机器人结婚呢?人工智能研究人员大卫•莱维曾出版过一本书,在书中他认为,人与机器人之间的交互在几十年内将会变得很常见。而如果你想和你的特别的电子朋友恋爱结婚,莱维认为,这种婚姻关系将在2050年左右得到社会认可。
 
人们真的能够对机器产生深厚的感情吗?事实上,产生这种感情不难,因为人脑喜欢将物体拟人化,也就是给其他生物甚至物体赋予人类的特质。
 
比如说,圣地亚哥的研究人员曾将小型的人形机器人放置在一个儿童游乐场里几个月时间。:这个机器人认识每一个孩子,因为内在的程序系统赋予了他人脸识别和声音识别能力,并且当有人给它挠痒痒的时候它还会笑。最后,孩子们都把它当作自己的同伴。当它因为没电而躺倒在地的时候,孩子们甚至给它盖上毯子。
 
几十年之后,当人形机器人有着类似人类的皮肤,并且看上去和摸上去都非常像真人的时候,人们会不会想和它们发展深入的关系呢?要是机器人能进行对话,情况会怎样呢?要是编程能使它们变成完美的同伴,甚至心灵伴侣,结果会怎样呢?可能我们这一代人会反对这种情况,但是最终会有一代人将同机器人一同长大,将机器人视为正常生活的一部分。像实验中的这些机器人,他们很受欢迎。
 
下一个问题是,与机器人发展感情关系有没有什么问题。即使是现在,也有许多人对他们的宠物产生深厚的依恋,并以此替代朋友甚至孩子。很少有人认为这种行为有违道德。
 
但是,一个复杂的机器人将很可能变得更有吸引力。对于那些看上去老是和错误的人结婚的人来说,一个机器人伴侣可能非常有诱惑力的。人工智能之父马文•明斯基谈到孤独的老人与机器人产生亲密关系这一问题时说:“如果机器人有人类所拥有的所有美德,并且更聪明更善解人意,那么老人干吗还要费劲同另一个脾气暴躁的老人交谈呢?”
 
—台机器人可以按照主人的要求被设定成蠢笨的,也可以设定成聪明的,或者性格独立的。而这正是机器人的一大缺陷。拥有这样一个完美的机器人伙伴会损害人们形成亲密的人与人之间关系的能力。
 
人们同机器人比起来,总是显得不够完美。当你有做得不对的地方时,好朋友总是会告诉你.
 
但是很少有人会将自己的机器人设定为会指出自己的不足。
 
处在人际关系中的人必须要学会互相适应:享受共同的兴趣,同时妥善处理分歧,
 
这使得我们更充盈、更强大、更富有智慧。在一开始的时候机器人会显得很完美。但这对 于我们将关系深入发展没有益处。

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