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“长江三峡”中英双语导游词,长江三峡英语导游

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  Yangtze River's Three Gorges

  (长江三峡)

  Ladies and gentlemen,

  I am very glad to be your tour guide here, before we start visiting the major spots, I would like to briefly introduce the three gorges.

  Three gorges comprise the most famous part of the Yangtze river. The three gorges stretch from nanjinguan of yichang in Hubei Province in the east to a village called baidicheng of the fengjie county in Chongqing Municipality. The three gorges are named Xiling, Wu and Qugtang gorge are altogether 193 kilometers long. The three gorges are not only the highlight of the Yangtze river's scenery, but one of china's scenic treasures as well. The gorges are as famous an America's renowned Grand Canon and have been designated as a global landscape gallery. They have been appreciated by countless numbers of visitors, both from china and outside of china. The three gorges have also provided the setting for many poetic masterpieces written during all Chinese dynasties. Well, my friends. Now let us begin a journey to the spectacular three gorges.

  Qutang gorge

  The first gorge of the three gorges is called Qutang Gorge, which is also named the Kui Gorge. The Yangtze River suddenly narrows here and is only 100 meters wide in one place. There is Kui Gate(the entrance to the Qutang Gorge) at the Gorge;people said that the world's most majestic place is Kui Gate. The Qutang Gorge is only 8 km long and is the most dangerous of the Three Gorges. The current velocity of the river here is 8 meters per second, 20 kilometers per hour. Navigation in the canyon lane is very tricky and people are usually astonished as the boat threads its way through the gorge. The Qutang Gorge has many scenic spots, including the Mengliang Staircase, Armor Hole, and wind Gorge. Although Qutang Gorge is the shortest gorge of the three gorges, its great beauty makes for a superb natural painting.

  Fengjie

  Fengjie is in the north bank of the Qutang Gorge and has a history of more than l,000 years. Fengjie has been the political, military, economic and cultural center of East Sichuan. Here are the first territories of the ancient Ba and Yong Kingdoms. Yufu County was established here some 2,300 years ago during the Zhou Dynasty, making it one of the first counties established in China. In 222 Liu Bei retreated from Yiling ( now Yichang) to Baidicheng, where he renarued Yufu County as Yongan County. In the 32nd year of the Tang Emperor Zhenguan's reign (649 A.D.), the emperor in order to commend Zhuge Liang for his patriotism and loyalty, gave this place its current name¨Fengjie“. The distinguished poets, Li Bai, Du Fu, Su Shi, Lu You, and Liu Yuxi have all written lots of famous poems here. Thus Fengjie County is also known as ”the city of poetry“。 On a Mid-Autumn night, as the moon gradually rises from the Gap, you can also enjoy the famous scenery of the Three Gorges and the poetic tribute to it, ”The Autumn Moon of Kui Gate“.

  Baidicheng

  Well, we are now arriving at Baidicheng. It is said the warlord Gongsun Shu built it in order to resist Eastern Han Dynasty Emperor Guangwu Liu Xiu. Baidicheng is surrounded on three sides by water and on one side by a steep hill. It is the best place to see Qutang Gorge. A winding trail passes through the hill gate, and the color statues of Li Bei, Zhuge Liang, Guan Yu and Zhang Fei are displayed in the temple. More than 80 pieces of stone tablets showcase a variety of written art. The poets Li Bai, Du Fu and Bai Juyi, Liu Yuxi, Su Shi, Lu You, and Fan Chengda paid visits here, and left many well-known poems, making Baidicheng also known as the6'Poetry City”. The Qutang Gorge gap originally had a huge reef in the middle of the Yangtze River by Baidicheng, which was called the Yanyu heap. Navigating this part of the gorge was especially difficult, as the slightest deviation from course could cause the boat to run over the reef am sink. Hence, according to one old song, “Yanyu is as large as a horse, you can't get down Qutang; Yanyu is as large as an elephant, you can't go up Qutang”. This obstacle was blown up by workers in 1958, making the gorge a much safer place for boat to pass through.

  Daxi Cultural Sites

  Now we are getting to the Daxi cultural sites, which are the junction of the Qutang Gorge in the East bank of the Yangtze and Daxi Rivers, about lf kilometers from Fengjie County. National cultural relics department excavated this 570-square-metei area three times, in 1958, 1975 and 1976. Some 208 burial graves were found and more than l,200 pieces of precious relics were unearthed. The history of these graves and objects stretches back about five thousand years and provide an invaluable record of the social and economic development of upper reaches of the Yangtze River during Neolithic period.

  Wu Gorge

  Well, now we are at Wu Gorge. It is known as the Grand Canyon Gorge, for both its relatively along length and beautiful tranquil scenery. During the boat trip, the mountains sometimes suddenly appear and block your view. And the winding river and its beautiful scenery constantly, make you as if you were in a coiling gallery.

  Wushan Ancient City

  Wushan ancient city is located in the mouth of Daning river in the Wu Gorge and has a long history. As early as the Qin and Han dynasties, Wushan County was named Wu County, and this name was permanently adopted from Sui Dynasty onward. It is said that in ancient Yao Shun period, there is a royal doctor called Wu who died here, afterward this place was named wushan. There was another saying: the Nanling Hill faced wushan and took a shape like the Chinese character “巫” ( pinyin:wu ) , SO it got The name Wushan( Wu Hill)。 The most special feature of this town is that all of its streets, both big and small, are named after wushan9s twelve peaks. Finally and most importantly, in addition to its history, wushan ancient city is surrounded by beautiful scenery everywhere.

  Daning River Small Three Gorges

  Daning River was called Wizard Water in ancient times. It begins from the Daba Mountains at the junction of Sichuan, Hubei, and Shaanxi, and has a total length of nearly 300 km. It is the first tributary among Three Gorges tributaries. The Daning River has three small gorges along a 60-kilometer stretch running from Wu Hill to Dachang. These gorges are the Longmen, Bawu, and Dicui Gorges. This section of canyon is narrower and steeper than the Three Gorges of Yangtze River. It also boasts unique scenery, such as strangely shaped rocks, clear water, and many beaches. Tourists can hear the sound of boat trackers' trumpets here.

  Longmen Gorge

  The Longmen gorge is only about three kilometers long. The narrow gap between two mountains here makes it seem as if they are facing each other. The cliffs are very steep and the terrain is dangerous than the Kui Gate. To visit the three small gorges, tourists generally travel from wushan County's Daning river mouth by boat against the current. They go into Longmen Gorge., pass through the Bawu to the Dicui, and then return. On the way you can glimpse peculiar and beautiful scenes before going to the next destination, Xiling Gorge.

  Xiling Gorge

  Now we are in the beautiful Xiling Gorge. Since the Gezhou Dam and Three Gorges Dam were completed, it has been known for its beautiful mountain and river scenery. Xiling Gorge stretches 76 kilometers, from Xiangxi River in west Zigui County to Nanjinguan, which is located east of Yichang. It is the longest among the Yangtze River's Three Gorges. East of Nanjinguan, the Yangtze River suddenly becomes wider, going from 400 to 2,000 meters, and its currents slow considerably.

  Xiling Gorge contains three Beaches-Xie, Green, and Kongling Beach-and four gorges-Lantern Shadow, Cattle, Buffalo and Horse's Lung, and War Book and Sword Gorge. The Gorge contains small gorges, and the beach contains small beaches. With the completion of the Gezhou Dam Project, the water level rose, causing the rapid water and beaches to disappear. But today we can still appreciate the mighty and beautiful scenery of Three Gorges Project and Xiling Gorge on both sides.

  Nanjinguan

  This is Nanjinguan, the starting point of the Yangtze River Three Gorges, the dividing line between upper reaches of the Yangtze River. There is a famous scenic spot gorge at the mouth of the Xiling which is national level scenic area and the provincial level tourist resort. Its main attractions are the Leizu Temple, Peach Blossom Village, White Horse and Three Swimming Caves, the Stream to Prison, Dragon Fountain Cave, Immortal River and Wuzhou Leisure Park. When passing through Nanjinguan, the width of the river suddenly narrows from more than 2,000 to about 300 meters.

  The Lantern Shadow Gorge

  After cruising about 10 kilometers west from Nanjinguan, we arrive at the Lantern Shadow Gorge. The Lantern Shadow Gorge is also known as the Moon Gorge. It is not long, but the landscape is remarkable. The gorge wall looks luminous, pleasant, and it is as pure as carefully polished gems. If you pass by this place in the evening, the moonlit western hill creates a special kind of scenery , too beautiful to express in words. Hence, the name “Moon Gorge”。 The Lantern Shadow Gorge is famous for its Horse Tooth Mountain in the south bank. It has four bizarre rocks, which look like pictures of the main characters in the early Chinese literary classic, Journey to the West. One rock is the Sun wukong-the monkey, with one hand in front of his forehead to shade light; another rock, resembling a man touching his belly is Zhu Bajie-the pig; The other two rocks represent respectively Sha Wujing-the monk who is carrying the load, and Tang Sanzang-the master who folds his palms. All four are vivid, lifelike and wonderful. And in the setting sun, when viewed from a distance, the gorge really resembles a shadow play game the locals call the Lantern Shadow game. Hence, its name, Lantern Shadow Gorge.

  Zhongbao Island-The Three Gorges Dam Site

  when we pass Xiling Yangtze River Bridge by ship, we arrive at the Three Gorges dam site. Initially rectangular in shape, the island became Zhongbao Island and was personally selected the Three Gorges Dam site by Zhou Enlai. Zhongbao Island is a magical island, and it has never been inundated by the Yangtze River's great floods. The

  flood in 1870 submerged Huangling Temple whose position is. even higher than Zhongbao Island, but Zhongbao Island was not submerged. No convincing scientific explanation currently exists for this strange mystery. Now Zhongbao Island has disappeared for the construction of the Three Gorges Project and on this site stands the magnificent Three Gorges Dam. Kongling Gorge. After we pass through the Three Gorges Dam and then cruise another 10 kilometers west, our ship will enter a precipitous gorge that is approximately 2.5 kilometers long. This is the famous Kongling Gorge, which is renowned for its sheer cliffs. It is also known as the Air-cooling Gorge and originally had a reef rising above the water level, with the words, “come to me,” inscribed on it. In 1900 a foreign vessel entered the gorge and its captain could not read the sign .and also ignored his crew's warnings. As a result, his ship sank on this reef. After the founding of New China and several changes in the river channel, the reef was blown up. The Gezhou Dam's completion has caused the water level to rise, so the beach no longer poses any danger, Tourists can get here safely by ship, but it is not as exciting as before.

  The Home of Famous Figures along the Fragrant Brook

  After passing through Xiling Gorge, we come to Fragrant Brook and a wide valley. Fragrant Brook is full of water. Two well-known historical figures hail from here, one is the great patriotic poet Qu Yuan, and the other is the Han Dynasty heroine, Wang Zhaojun. A legend exists about the latter and goes like this. One day Zhaojun was washing at the stream and intentionally scattered a necklace of pearls in the river. Because of this, the stream became clear, and water smells fragrant, so it is called Fragrant Brook, Fragrant Brook is like a stream of ribbon, which serves as a bridge to magical forests of Shennongjia. With the completion of the Three Gorges Project, tourist can directly reach Zhaojun village by ship and may then visit the poet Qu Yuan's 'hometown of Lepingli.

  Three Gorges Project

  Finally, let me introduce the famous Three Gorges Project. We Chinese people all feel proud of this. The construction of the Three Gorges Project was not a smooth sailing. As early as in 1919, the great revolutionary forerunner Mr. Sun Yat-sen had brought forward the plan for construction of the Three Gorges Project. However it was not until 1994, nearly 80 years after this idea was first proposed that construction work on it began.

  The building of the Three Gorges Project can be divided into four phases. The years 1992-1994 marked the initial preparatory phase, during which the 28-kilometer highway to the dedicated dam area

  孙述为拒东汉光武帝刘秀军而筑。白帝城三面环水,一面靠山,是观赏瞿塘峡的最佳地方。蜿蜒的石级小道直通山门,庙内陈列有刘备、诸葛亮、关羽、张飞等彩色塑像。80多块石碑展现了多种书法艺术。李白、杜甫、白居易、刘禹锡、苏轼、陆游、范成大等人均登临此地,留下了不少脍炙人口的诗篇,因此白帝城又有“诗城”之称。白帝城下,瞿塘峡口原有一巨大礁石横亘江心,这就是滟灏堆。船行至此如离弦之箭,稍有不慎就会触礁沉船,故有“滟灏大如马,瞿塘不可下;滟灏大如象,瞿塘不可上”的古谣1958年,这块阻塞巷道的巨石被航道工人炸掉。

  大溪文化遗址

  游客朋友们,我们现在来到了大溪文化遗址,它位于瞿塘峡东口长江南岸与大溪河交汇处,距奉节县城15千米。国家文物部门于1958年、1975年和1976年进行过三次发掘,发掘面积达570平方米,清理墓葬208座,出土珍贵文物1200多件,该文化遗址距今约五六千年,它对于研究新石器时代长江上游地带的社会、经济发展提供了极珍贵的史料。

  巫峡

  好的,现在我们到了巫峡。巫峡又称大峡,全长40千米,以幽深秀丽著称。舟行其间,一会儿大山横前,石塞疑无路,一会儿峰回路转,风光无限,犹如一条迂回衄折的画廊。状若一门,形势甚为险要,因此有人说它“不是夔门,胜似夔门”。游览小三峡,一般是从巫山县城边的大宁河口乘船逆水而上,进龙门峡,经巴雾峡,至滴翠峡,然后折回。沿途可以欣赏到奇特美丽的景象。接着就到了西陵峡。

  西陵峡

  现在我们到了风光绮丽的西陵峡。两坝建成后,又以山灵水秀著称。西陵峡西起秭归县香溪河口,东至宜昌市南津关,全长76千米,是长江三峡中最长的峡谷。长江东出南津关后,江面骤然展宽,由400米增至2000米左右,流速由急变缓。西陵峡中有三滩(泄滩、青滩、崆岭滩)、四峡(灯影峡、黄牛峡、牛肝马肺峡和兵书宝剑峡),峡中有峡,滩中有滩,大滩含小滩,滩多水急。随着葛洲坝工程的建成,西陵峡中滩多水急的奇观不复存在了。今天我们沿途可欣赏博大恢弘的三峡工程及西陵峡两岸的美妙景色。

  南津关

  这就是南津关,长江三峡的起始点,长江上游的分界线。这里有著名的西陵峡口风景区,是国家级风景名胜区,省级旅游度假区。主要景点有嫘祖庙、桃花村、白马洞、三游洞、下牢溪、龙泉洞、仙人溪和五洲休闲乐园等景点。穿过南津关后,江面由2000多米骤然左右变窄到300米,展现在你眼前的便是色彩斑斓、气象万千的壮丽画卷。

  巫山古城

  巫山古城位于巫峡大宁河口上,古城历史悠久。早在秦汉时,巫山称巫县,隋朝始用今名。据说在远古尧舜时,有一御医巫死于此,因而得名巫山。又有一说法:巫山对岸南陵山形如巫字而得名。最为特别的是,巫山县城中的大小街道均用巫山十二峰的名字命名。巫山古城景色美丽,大家可以尽情欣赏一下。

  大宁河小三峡

  大宁河古称巫水,发源于川,鄂、陕交界的大巴山南麓,全长近300千米,是三峡中的第一支流。大宁河小三峡从巫山至大昌,长约60千米,由龙门峡、巴雾峡、滴翠峡组成。这一段峡谷比长江三峡更为狭窄陡峭,石怪、水清、滩多和纤夫号子成了大宁河的独特风光。

  灯影峡

  过南津关西行约10千米,就到了灯影峡。灯影峡又名明月峡,峡虽不长,但景致不凡。峡壁明净可人,纯无杂色,如天工细心打磨而出。若晚间过此,月悬西山,月光之下形成的奇特景色难以言喻,这就是“明月峡”的由来。灯影峡得以以形取景,南岸的马牙山上有四块奇石,酷似《西游记》唐僧师徒四人西天取经高兴归来的生动形象:手搭凉篷的孙悟空;捧着肚皮、一步三晃的猪八戒;肩挑重担的沙和尚;合掌缓行的唐僧,形象逼真、惟妙帷肖,栩栩如生,妙不可言。每当夕霞晚照,从峡中远望,极似皮影戏(当地人叫灯影戏),故名灯影峡。

  中堡岛——三峡大坝坝址

  船过西陵长江大桥,就到了三峡大坝坝址。这里原来是个长方形的小岛,称为中堡岛,是周恩来总理亲自选定的大坝坝址。中堡岛是个神奇的岛,历史上不论发生多大的洪水,都淹不了这个小岛。1870年的特大洪水淹了位置比中堡岛高得多的黄陵庙,却没能淹没中堡岛,这里的奥秘,至今还没有令人信服的科学解释。现在中堡岛为了三峡工程的建设从地球上消失了。现在展现在大家面前的是雄伟壮丽的三峡大坝。

  崆岭峡

  船驶过三峡大坝后,再西行约10千米,便进入了一个险峻的峡谷之中,这就是三峡中著名的崆岭峡。崆岭峡峭壁耸立。此峡又称空冷峡,全长约2.5千米。峡中原有一块凸出水面的礁石,上刻三个大字“对我来”。1900年,有一艘外国轮船开进峡江,船长不知其中奥妙,又不听峡江水手告诫,结果被礁石撞沉。新中国成立后,经过多次航道整治,炸掉了这块礁石。葛洲坝建成后,水位抬高,险滩也不复存在。航船到这里安然无恙,只是少了一处够刺激的景观。

  香溪名人故里

  船行出西陵峡不久就到了香溪宽谷。在这绿水悠悠的香溪之滨,历史上曾出现过两位著名人物:一位是伟大的爱国诗人屈原,一位是汉代的王昭君。传说有一天,昭君在溪边洗脸,无意中把颈上项链的珍珠散落溪中,从此溪水清澈,水中含香,故名香溪。香溪似一条流香溢美的彩带,架起了一座通向充满神奇的神农架原始森林的桥梁。三峡工程蓄水后,游船可从长江直到昭君村,中途也可达到屈原故里——乐平里。

  三峡工程

  最后,让我为大家介绍一下举世瞩目的三峡工程。我们每个中国人都会为三峡工程感到骄傲和自豪,然而工程的建设并不是一帆风顺的。早在1919年,伟大的革命先驱孙中山先生就提出了建设三峡工程的构想,到1994年才破土动工,距构想有近80年的时间。

  三峡工程共分为三期,严格说是四期,1992年到1994年为筹建期,修筑了28千米的三峡坝区专用公路。第一期是从1994年到1997年,以大江截流为标志,相信大江截流时的壮观场面大家已经从电视上看过。第二期是从1997年到2003年,以第一台发电机组安装完成为标志,水位将抬升到135米。第三期工程从2003年到2009年,以二十六台机组全部发电,大坝建成为标志,水位抬升到175米。

  三峡工程是目前世界上最大的水利工程,它是综合治理长江中下游地区防洪问题的关键,工程还有发电、航运、灌溉和发展库区经济等多项综合效益,对我国发展社会主义现代化建设及提高我国的综合国力起着重要的作用。

  三峡大坝建成后全长1983米,坝高为185米,最高运行水位175米,总蓄水量393亿立方米,总装机容量1820千瓦,年发电虽847亿度,相当于十座广东大亚湾核电站。三峡大坝建成后,我国每年每人将可以增加用电70度。

  三峡工程建成蓄水后,峡外的主要景点白帝城、张飞庙、石宝寨、名山鬼城;峡内的古栈道、屈原祠、昭君故里、大宁河小三峡等多处景点,有的将因水位升高而部分或全部被永久淹没,有的将整体搬迁新址重建。

  如今三峡库区蓄水已达156米高程,有许多曾伴随我们成长的古老的三峡传奇,已永埋水下,而一些崭新的三峡传奇正应运而生。

  好了,我们的三峡之旅到此就结束了。非常感谢大家对我工作的支持和配合。希望以后能有缘和大家再次相逢。最后祝大家旅途愉快!再见。
 

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